Stand on “Mengler’s hill lookout ” overlooking the entire Barossa Valley is a stunning experience. The sculptures in front you is directing the way to the villages far ahead. Some of the villages like Greenock, Tanunda, Lydoch, seppelts-field all have their unique position in the history of Barossa.
History of Barossa
The early European settlements in South Australia were dated back in 1842. It was the German who brought the tradition of winemaking to Barossa. Most of the earlier settlers were high skilled artisans like blacksmiths, carpenters, cabinet makers and stone masons, they together formed a community that continues today show the uniqueness of Barossa Culture.
Some of the world most famous wines: “Penforld Grange Hermitage” produced by Max Schubert, “Mount Edelstone” and “Hill of grace” produced by Cyril Henschke were borned in 1950s. However it was Colin Gramp at Orlando Winery first produces the dry, table red wine.
Barossa is the symbol of Australia premium wine famous for its world’s oldest vines and generation (6 Generations like Henschky Winery) of farming and winemaking. Its culinary tradition is also distinctive and creative, with variation of some regional food offered by the winery. The oldest Shiraz vines were planted in 1843; The oldest Mataro vines were planted in 1853 and the oldest Cabernet Sauvignon were planted in the 1880s.
GI is the official description of an Australian wine zone, region and sub-region. The Barossa zone is located north of city Adelaide where the airport is located. It comprises two distinct regions, Barossa Valley and Eden Valley (High Eden is sub-region).
Zone: An area comprises one or more regions.
Region: Produces 500 tonnes of wine grapes a years, comprises at least 5 independently owned vineyards with at least 5 hectares each.
Sub-Region: Same criteria as Region with more restrict on the its uniqueness and homogeneous.
It is Mediterranean climate with annual rain fall in Barossa Region is over 500mm. the temperature in Barrossa Valley is higher than Eden Valley due to different altitude. Overall, it is the warm, dry days and cool nights (diurnal difference) contribute to the grape ripeness. .
In the next Chapter, we will take a tour of viticulture of winemaking in Barossa Region.